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Friday, June 28, 2013

Breast Implants All that you need to know about it

Before Breast Implants (When):
Not everyone is suitable for breast implant surgery. Your surgeon will need to take a detailed look at your medical history and overall health.
Most women who have breast implants for cosmetic purposes pay to have the operation done privately. The NHS rarely funds cosmetic breast implant surgery.
Currently, the average cost of having breast implants in the UK is in the region of £4,000 – £5,000. However, the cost will vary depending on the treatment center you choose.
After Breast Implants:
You will experience some pain, swelling and bruising immediately after breast implant surgery.
Your chest may feel tight and your breathing may be restricted. This is normal and your symptoms will start to improve over the next few weeks.
Going home:
After having breast implant surgery, you may either be allowed home the same day or you may need to stay in the hospital or clinic overnight.
On returning home, you will need rest to give your body time to recover. Avoid excessive use of your arms and chest area as it may cause irritation and bleeding.
Additional surgery:
After having breast implant surgery, about one in three women will require further surgery within 10 years of their initial operation.
Additional surgery may be needed as a result of complications such as capsular contracture (hardening of the scar capsule around the implant, see below), age-related changes to the breast (sagging) or the shell of the implant rupturing (splitting).
There is strong scientific evidence to suggest that having breast implants will not increase your risk of developing breast cancer. However, it is still important for women over 50 to attend breast screening appointments when invited.

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Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Correlation between weight loss and diabetes

Weight loss can occur for many reasons. It can be either voluntary (on purpose) or involuntary (not on purpose). It is due to one of three causes: decreased calories being consumed, increased calories being used, or loss of calories in the urine or stools. Voluntary weight loss is a sign of good health for patients who are overweight. It is usually due to significant attempts at eating less and exercising more. 

Involuntary weight loss can be a sign of serious underlying illness. Causes of involuntary weight loss can either be associated with decreased appetite or increased appetite.

If the involuntary weight loss is associated with increased calorie intake patients often have increased appetite or thirst. These causes include intestinal disorders that cause lack of absorption of food (like chronic diarrhea), endocrine disorders that cause the body to burn more energy (like hyperthyroidism), and uncontrolled diabetes, which cause the body to lose excess calories by spilling sugar into the urine.

Diabetes is a disorder of elevated blood sugars. Sugars become quite elevated before the diagnosis is made. As the blood sugar level goes up, the body cannot reabsorb all of the sugar that is naturally filtered through the kidneys. So the sugar is spilled in the urine. 

The higher the sugar level, the more sugar is spilled into the urine. This causes people who have very high sugars to be very thirsty, and to have to urinate very frequently. Patients will often have sudden significant weight loss associated with these symptoms. These same patients will be so thirsty they will often drink sugary drinks (such as sodas, juices or sweetened coffee drinks) which causes the sugars to be even higher, and the weight loss to be more severe. It can become a sudden dangerous cycle.
 In a frustrating outcome, a long-term weight-loss program/diet to control diabetes aimed at overweight adults with diabetes didn't cut the rate of heart attacks and strokes, a major study showed. But losing weight did provide at least one major benefit by cutting the development of chronic kidney disease, a leading cause of premature death in people with type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

 If you suddenly develop significant involuntary weight loss, especially associated with significant thirst or an increased need to urinate, it is critical to see a health care provider as soon as possible.